Kalimantan is the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo, the 3rd largest island in the world. The Borneo rainforest is 130 million years old, making it one of the oldest rainforests in the world. Subject to mass deforestation, the remaining Borneo rainforest is one of the only remaining natural habitat for the endangered Bornean Orangutan.
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West Kalimantan is an area that could be dubbed "The Province of a Thousand Rivers". The nickname is aligned with the geographical conditions that have hundreds of large and small rivers that which can be and often are navigable. Although a small part of West Kalimantan region is sea water, West Kalimantan has dozens of large and small islands. The rest of the mainland exists out of mainly of rural area, but due to illegal logging for trees such as dipterocarp and plantations of palm oil and pulpwood threaten many rare species in the province due to the effects of habitat destruction.
More than is the case in other province in the region, Central Kalimantan is populated by the Dayaks, the indigenous inhabitants of Borneo. In 1957 South Kalimantan was divided to provide the Dayak population with greater autonomy from the Muslim population in the province. This resulted in the establishment of 'Central Kalimantan'. This province exists mainly out of rainforest and several national parks can be found. One of the most well known parks in this area is, Tanjung Puting National Park, famous for its wildlife and especially the wild orangutans.
The southern part of the province is low land with rivers that runs through to the vast mangrove swamps along the coast. To experience the rich culture of the natives, you can enjoy the river culture in Banjarmasin, as there are many villages and residences along Barito river by the native people. In the Northern part there is mostly rural area containing forests and mountain areas.
North & East Kalimantan
North & East Kalimantan
Which was first one province 'East Kalimantan', has been divided and resulted in the establishment of 'North Kalimantan in October 2012. This also makes 'North Kalimantan' the newest province of Indonesia, and is currently still in the process of expending its infrastructure in the region. In East Kalimantan you can find the capital of Kalimantan, Balikpapan, where you directly also can find majority of the inhabitants of this area. Many Javanese and people from South Kalimantan, immigrated to this region, which ensured that after Bahasa Indonesia, the two most common daily languages are, Javanese and Banjar.
Tanjung Puting National Park
Tanjung Puting National Park is the most popular tourist destination in Kalimantan and located in the Southern part of Kalimantan. In 1982 it was designated as a National Park and is considered to be one of the easiest places in the world to see wild Orangutans.
Kakaban Island is part of the Derawan Islands, East Kalimantan. In the middle of this island is a mangrove-fringed lake, slightly above sea level, where thousands of jellyfish which are harmless to humans live, making it interesting for diving.
Dayak Village(s), are where the original inhabitants from Borneo can be found. With over 50 ethnic Dayak groups speaking more than 170 languages and dialects, and are spread out over the third-largest island on the planet.