The province was formerly called Irian Jaya and in 2002, it was renamed as ‘Papua’ and was granted a special autonomous status by the Indonesian legislation. It is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia and here the roads are so limited, that traveling between towns you often have to fly or cross over the water. In this province, Puncak Jaya is the highest mountain as well as the highest point of Indonesia. The most popular, developed and well known area in Papua is Raja Ampat, which is one of the best dive and snorkel areas worldwide.
WHERE TO GO ?
Currently, it is still one of the least developed provinces in Indonesia and is only ranking above Central/South Papua. Papua is well known due to Raja Ampat Islands which contains the richest marine biodiversity in the world and is located in West Papua province. Not only Raja Ampat is a reason to visit West Papua, but Teluk Cenderawasih National Park is located at Cenderawasih Bay West Papua and is the largest marine national park of Indonesia.
Central Papua is the easternmost province of Indonesia, and borders with Papua New Guinea. A central east–west mountain range dominates the geography of Papua and contains of the highest mountains on the world, with a peak reaching a height of approx. 4,884 metres (16,024 ft) high. In this province people are mainly Christian of which the majority is protestant. At the moment Papua is still one of the most authentic areas in Indonesia and tourism is still very low here, due to especially the lac of infrastructure and accessibility.
South Papua forms together with 'Central Papua' the Papua province. Although Central Papua is dominated by mountain area, the south is mainly lowland stretching for hundreds of kilometres and include rainforests, extensive wetlands, savanna grasslands, and expanses of mangrove forest. An UNESCO World Heritage Site, Lorentz National Park, is also located in this Southern area of Papua. Lorentz is one of the most ecologically diverse national parks in the world and contains many unmapped and unexplored areas, and is certain to contain many species of plants and animals as yet unknown to Western science.
Raja Ampat is comprising over 1,500 small islands and famous for its diving experience. The wide area of pristine blue water contains millions of reefs and fishes, many that you will never find anywhere else.
Baliem Valley is home to the 'Dani People' and about 80 km in length by 20 km in width and lies at an altitude of about 1,600–1,700 metres. Wamena is the main city in the Baliem Valley, that serves as the gateway to explore further into the valley.
Puncak Jaya is the highest summit of Mount Jayawijaya and reaches approx. 4880 meters, which makes it the highest point of Indonesia.